The Lymphatic System and the role it plays in our immunity

Wow, I can’t believe that this is my 100th blog article!!  I thoroughly enjoy writing these and sharing knowledge about health and wellbeing to those of you who read it.  Today’s article explains about the lymphatic system which involves all of the extra fluids within our body which are not in the blood (cardiovascular system).  This system in the body has three primary functions, which is:

1.  Draining excess fluid from the spaces in our tissues (interstitial fluid) and returning it to the blood.

lymphatic and cvs system

Our blood contains different cells which have different actions such as transporting oxygen (red blood cells), immune response (white blood cells), repairing damage (plasma) etc.  Our blood plasma can actually filter freely through the capillaries in our cardiovascular system into the spaces between our tissues forming interstitial fluid.  Some of this is reabsorbed back into the blood stream but more of the plasma filters out than in.  Therefore our lymphatic system comes into play otherwise we would be in trouble as roughly 3 litres of blood plasma is filtered out of capillaries every day (and we only have roughly 5 and a half litres of blood).  A lot of the plasma proteins are too large to return to the blood without the help of our lymphatic system, which contains a series of capillaries and ducts (which only allow fluid to transport one way) returning the interstitial fluid back into our blood stream.

The same methods of returning blood from our veins back to the heart works on maintaining the flow of the lymph within our lymphatic system.  There are two ‘pump’ mechanisms which are our skeletal muscles and our breathing.  By being active regularly you are supporting a healthy cardiovascular system and supporting your lymphatic system.  When we exercise our muscle contractions force lymph (and blood in our veins) upwards to complete their circuit of the body.  Both our veins and our lymphatic system contain valves which prevent the fluid from going backwards.

Our breathing (respirations) also benefits the flow of lymph and venous blood.  The pressure changes that occur when we inhale and exhale moving the fluids to where they need to be.  Another great reason to incorporate regular activity into your lifestyle, meditation and deep breathing can benefit your physical health, as well as lower stress levels and help you to relax.

2.  Transporting dietary fats (lipids) such as our fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K which we access from our digestive system.

lymphatic system

When we eat healthy food which is rich in vitamins and minerals it is the responsibility of our digestive system to break them down so that our body can access the nutrients – giving our body the tools to stay healthy.  In our small intestine there are specialised lymphatic capillaries which are called lacteals which carry the dietary fats into the lymphatic system so that they can enter our blood stream and circulate to where they are needed.  Lymph within the system is usually a clear, pale yellow liquid, but in lacteals it is referred to as chyle as is appears creamy white (due to the dietary fats).  Fat/Lipid-soluble vitamins are essential to our health and wellbeing, but excess fatty foods in our diet and high levels of processed and refined foods can contribute to cardiovascular and lymphatic health issues.  What I am saying is that we need fat to be healthy but it should be the right fats.  I inform most people that I see that vegetable based oils (although high in mono and polyunsaturated fats are high in omega 6 with is pro-inflammatory, I recommend swapping these for olive oil and coconut oil, I also recommend butter but stress that portion size is essential.  The portion size for fat is typically the size of a dice – so lathering butter on hot toast can greatly exceed the portion size of fats which are important to our health and wellbeing.

3.  Supporting our immunity

lymphatic system quote


The lymphatic system aids the immune system in removing and destroying waste, debris, dead blood cells, pathogens, toxins, and cancer cells.  In a previous article I discussed how red bone marrow creates immune cells – this is part of the lymphatic system.  This system works closely with our immune system and there are numerous lymphatic organs within the body which help to create the immune cells which mount an active defence within our body. The red bone marrow creates B cells and pre-T cells (not fully activated these pre-T cells migrate to the thymus where they become immunocompetent).  These cells are lymphocytes which are part of our adaptive immunity.

Lymphoid stem cells produce T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes.  T lymphocytes. T lymphocytes, also commonly known as T cells, are cells involved in fighting specific pathogens in the body. T cells may act as helpers of other immune cells or attack pathogens directly. After an infection, memory T cells persist in the body to provide a faster reaction to subsequent infection by pathogens expressing the same antigen.

b and t cells

B lymphocytes. B lymphocytes, also commonly known as B cells, are also cells involved in fighting specific pathogens in the body. Once B cells have been activated by contact with a pathogen, they form plasma cells that produce antibodies. Antibodies then neutralize the pathogens until other immune cells can destroy them. After an infection, memory B cells persist in the body to quickly produce antibodies to subsequent infection by pathogens expressing the same antigen.

T- and B-cells are highly specialised defender cells – different groups of cells are tailored to different germs. When your body is infected with a particular germ, only the T- and B-cells that recognise it will respond. These selected cells then quickly multiply, creating an army of identical cells to fight the infection. Special types of T- and B-cells ‘remember’ the invader, making you immune to a second attack.

We have roughly 600 lymph nodes throughout the body, B cells hang out here and mount an attack on any invaders.  Natural killer cells, also known as NK cells, are lymphocytes that are able to respond to a wide range of pathogens and cancerous cells. NK cells travel within the blood and are found in the lymph nodes, spleen, and red bone marrow where they fight most types of infection.  As well as nodes there are nodules (you will recognise the tonsils and include the thymus and spleen), these also work to protect the body from pathogens.  A healthy lymphatic system also helps purify the blood through the largest mass of lymph tissue in the body, the spleen. The spleen fights infection and destroys worn-out red blood cells in the body. By cleansing your lymphatic system, your spleen will be better able to handle the retired red blood cells.

Self massage

                   Self massage

Damage to the lymphatic system disturbs the flow. When lymphatic tissues or lymph nodes have been damaged, destroyed or removed, lymph cannot drain normally from the affected area. When this happens excess lymph accumulates and results in the swelling that is characteristic of lymphedema.  The treatment of lymphedema is based on the natural structures and the flow of lymph. The affected drainage area determines the area which can be self-massaged. Although lymph does not normally cross from one area to another self massage stimulates the flow from one area to another. It also encourages the formation of new lymph drainage pathways.

The compression garments, aids, and/or bandages that are worn help control swelling by providing pressure that is needed to encourage the flow of lymph into the capillaries.


Exercise is important in the treatment of lymphedema because the movements of the muscles stimulate the flow of the lymph into the capillaries. Wearing a compression garment during exercise also provides resistance to further stimulate this flow.

Whether you’re suffering from aches and pains, swelling, inflammation, fatty deposits or bloating, cleansing the lymphatic system once or twice a year often can be the difference between great health and poor health.

A study by Elisabeth Dancey, M.D., author of The Cellulite Solution (St. Martin’s Press, 1997), found that women with cellulite showed lymphatic system deficiencies. Another study found that 80 percent of overweight women have sluggish lymphatic systems and that getting this system flowing smoothly is the key to easy weight loss and improved feelings of well-being.

If the lymph system is inefficient, you may see fatty deposits or cellulite or experience aches and pains. Conversely, if you improve the cleansing ability of the lymph system, it will be able to “sweep” away the toxins that are linked to pain, cellulite, fatty deposits and some autoimmune disorders.


Foods can either help or hinder the flow of lymph in the body. To cleanse the lymphatic system, avoid “chemical foods” that contain artificial preservatives – most prepared, packaged and fast foods. The more processed a food is, the more likely it is to clog your lymphatic system.

Drink plenty of water. Without adequate water, lymph fluid cannot flow properly. If you drink inadequate amounts of water daily, your lymphatic system will slow down.

Love your food

            Love your food

The enzymes and acids in raw fruit are powerful lymph cleansers, particularly when eaten on an empty stomach. Add more raw fruits, vegetables, salads and fresh juices to your diet and your lymph will have the tools it needs to do some serious deep cleansing.
Eat plenty of green vegetables to provide chlorophyll (the green color in plants) and loads of vitamins and minerals to assist in lymph cleansing.

Marigolds, seem as sunshine herbs are great for boosting both mind and body

Marigolds, seem as sunshine herbs are great for boosting both mind and body

Numerous herbs possess lymphagogue action (the capacity to stimulate the activity of your lymphatic system and organs), including burdock (Arctium lappa), calendula (Calendula officinalis), cleavers (Galium aparine), red clover (Trifolium pratense), and poke root (Phytolacca americana).  Other beneficial herbs for your immune system (since both systems work hand in hand) include blue flag (Iris versicolor), echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) and mullein (Verbascum thapsus).

cleavers (2)

Cleavers – Known primarily as a blood and urinary tract cleanser, cleavers also enhances the function of the lymphatic system and decreases congestion and inflammation in the tissues. I find that cleavers works best in tea form. **Avoid using cleavers if you are diabetic. For cleavers tea, use 2 to 3 teaspoons of the dried herb (stems and small leaves) per cup of water. Steep for 3 – 5 minutes, strain – drink 1 cup three times daily.

If you would like support with your health and wellbeing or would like to find out more please do not hesitate to contact me:


Rheumatoid Arthritis – dietary and lifestyle advice

A lovely lady contacted me by phone yesterday with questions about rheumatoid arthritis (RA).  I would love to help and support the person that she was calling about but it is such a complex ‘pathology’ that advising certain herbs would be irresponsible.  As with most chronic health issues I always advise that they are best to come and see me for a consultation.  The herbal consultations that I give usually last an hour and are an investigational process where all aspects of health and wellbeing are looked at.  The different body systems, past history of health, family history, diet, lifestyle, emotions, even physical signs are assessed such as blood pressure, pulse and tongue diagnosis.  When someone is coming with specific issues a physical examination of the area in question can also be done.  Getting a whole-istic view of the person and their health issues enables me to know which herbs would be beneficial for them and also gives me the information I need to tailor personalised dietary and lifestyle advice for them as well.


So because of yesterdays enquiry I said that I would blog about rheumatoid arthritis.  Do you know what it is?  There are hundreds of different forms of arthritis – osteo- and rheumatoid being the most common and well-known.  It is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the musculoskeletal system mainly affecting the joints.  But unlike osteoarthritis which affects the weight-bearing joints (in part due to wear and tear) rheumatoid arthritis mainly affects the hands, wrists and feet (but can affect the knees, spine and other joints in the body).  Women are more likely to get RA than males and white people are more affected than other ethnicities.  The majority of cases occur between the ages of 25-59 and it has been seen that the contraceptive pill may offer some protection against the development of the disease.  At present modern medicine cannot give an explanation as to why people get RA and others don’t.  There are two main theories as to the cause.  It is proposed that RA is caused by an infection which has triggered the rheumatic response and the second theory is that it is due to the immune system not working properly and attacking its own constituents because it cannot recognise self anymore.

People are diagnosed with RA when they present with the following criteria: arthritis of three or more joints, arthritis of the hand joints, symmetrical swelling of the same joint areas, serum rheumatoid factor (determined by a blood test) and radiographic features of RA.  There are hereditary patterns with this disease too.  

RA signs and symptoms

The onset is usually gradual, people can feel fatigued, have a low-grade fever, have joint stiffness and weakness and vague joint pain at the start, it can develop into painful swollen joints after several weeks.  Several joints are usually affected in a symmetrical fashion.  The affected joints are usually warm, tender and swollen, and the skin can take on a ruddy purplish hue.  The severe joint pain is accompanied by severe inflammation in the small joints but can progressively affect all joints in the body and result in the erosion of the bone and cartilage and the development of nodules around the joints which can be debilitating.  Unfortunately doctors look at prescribing aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories followed by anti-inflammatories, immunosuppressives, and corticosteroids as the disorder progresses – a symptomatic approach which doesn’t look at the cause.  Also a lot of these drugs can cause side effects such as digestive upsets, headaches and dizziness and ironically aspirin and NSAIDs can increase the ‘leakiness’ of the intestinal lining and accelerate the faulty immune response responsible for this disease.  Long term use of corticosteroids is not advised in sufferers of RA due to the side effects that they case.  In the most severe cases of RA joint surgery and replacement are considered.


RA can be a complication of many other autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis and can be aggravated by a ‘leaky gut’ – where the digestive system is inflamed and semi-digested food particles enter the bloodstream.  Physical or emotional stress as well as poor nutrition may be involved in the onset of the disease.

rheumatoid arthritis

Other common symptoms which accompany the joint pains and inflammation include: weight loss, feeling ‘out of sorts’, anaemia, osteoporosis (fragile bones), depression, muscle wasting, peripheral water retention, nodules, carpal tunnel syndrome, swollen lymph nodes, infections etc.  The progression of RA is variable and depends on the individual so it isn’t possible to predict who will develop severe symptoms.  In general 25% remain fit and can function effectively, 40% have moderate impairment, 25% are quite badly disabled and 10% become wheelchair patients.

If there is anything that I have missed out about rheumatoid arthritis and its pathology (how it affects the body) please do not hesitate to contact me and I will be happy to explain.

Herbal treatment varied in accordance to the individual needs.  The joy of herbal medicine is that it is tailored to suit the persons needs and can be altered to suit the changing requirements.  When seeing a patient with RA the prescription may have to be changed several times before progress is made.

Dietary Advice


In general Ra is not found in societies that eat a diet more in tune with our ancestors.  The western diet is linked to the rate of incidence of RA.  Eating a diet rich in wholefoods, vegetables and fibre and low in sugar, meat, refined carbohydrates and saturated fats help with the prevention and possibly the treatment of RA.  There is strong scientific support for the roles that food allergies and dietary fats play in the inflammatory process.


A diet high in seafood is beneficial for most rheumatic diseases.  Therefore if you cannot add a lot of seafood to your diet please look at supplementing with fish oils or take 1 tablespoon of flaxseed oil daily.  Eat 2-3 servings of baked, broiled or pickles fish weekly.  Herring, mackerel, sardines and salmon are natural sources of omega 3 fatty acids which counteracts the effects of inflammatory omega 6 fatty acids.

Hippocrates quote

Hippocrates quote

It may be worthwhile becoming a vegetarian if you have been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis.  A study in Norway discovered that vegetarian foods normalised the dietary fatty acids and reduced inflammation in rheumatic disorders.  During this study the patients were allowed only garlic, herbal teas, vegetable soups and juices/smoothies for the first week or two and then meat free and gluten-free food was introduced and alternated each day.

Limit your consumption of beef, eggs, refined carbohydrates and sugars and animal fat.  These foods contain omega 6 fatty acids (pro-inflammatory).

Avoid lemons and lemon juice as it can contribute to the excretion of calcium from muscles and bones.

Supplement high doses of Vitamin C to support the body in preventing/reducing the damage to the synovial membranes of the joints.

If you experience anaemia and/or muscle wasting as part of your RA you may not be getting the right nutrition in your diet.

Add turmeric and celery to your diet regularly.

A low salt, low-fat, high oily fish diet also benefits RA.  Where possible aim to cut out all gluten and dairy products.

Lifestyle Advice


Physical therapy can benefit people who have RA – look at introducing exercise/activity into your lifestyle on a regular basis.  Perform 3-10 repetitions of range of motion exercises daily such as flexing the knee back and forth as far as it will go in both direction.  Use swimming as your primary form of aerobic exercise – it is easier on the joints than land-based exercise.

Heat and cold can both have a relieving effect on the painful joints – alternate with hot and cold compresses to support the reduction in inflammation.  In the morning take a hot shower or bath to help relieve morning stiffness.

Massage can be beneficial, especially in the early stages of RA – go to a professional, or if you cannot afford this research how to massage the joints in the affected areas and self-massage on a regular basis.

I have chosen not to give herbal remedies which benefit RA in this article because of the health implications that there are.  Botanicals which may benefit RA may aggravate other health issues such as increasing blood pressure, speeding up/slowing down the metabolism of pharmaceuticals and affecting the hormones within the body.  I implore anyone who experiences this disorder to contact myself for a consultation where we can work together to aim at improving your quality of life using herbal medicine and dietary and lifestyle changes.

Stress Awareness

Today is Stress Awareness day.  We are all aware of stress as it has become a bit of a buzz work and can aggravate many issues whether social, financial, emotional , mental or physical.  I have decided to share a workbook that I designed which helps you to understand your personal stress levels, how stress affects you and what you can do to improve your tolerance levels to stress.

Stress personal workbook

This workbook has been produced by Emma Warrener for Herbs for Health and Wellbeing Ltd.  It is a resource to help you to understand the stress in your life.  By understanding what it is that raises the stress levels in your life then you are better prepared to work on reducing them and therefore experience a happier more carefree life.


Cancer and Herbal Support

Yesterday on Twitter I was tweeted “wondering which herbs to help cancer please”.  This is an excellent question but a very deep one which cannot be covered by 140 characters!!  My response was “there are many herbs which can support. It would depend on the person and the form of cancer. A consultation is essential.”

Foods that kill cancer

Foods that kill cancer

So what is cancer?  We are all aware of it and will all be affected by it.  This can be because of personal dealing with it or knowing someone who has had cancer.  Cancer is one of the most serious and complex diseases to receive.  It is an invasive growth of abnormal cells within the body, cells are deemed malignant instead of benign (causing no harm).  The cells are still part of us – they are us and therefore are not attacked by our immune system (which is designed to recognise self).  Cells within our body mutate daily but are resolved within the body by a complex system of internal defence, by supporting our body and giving it what it needs to stay healthy then we can prevent the occurrence of the one mutation which isn’t resolved and which develops into one of our biggest fears.  The saddest thing about cancer is that 65% of cancers which occur today are preventable which means that changes to our diet and lifestyle could have prevented them from occurring.  We need to bathe our DNA in a healthy environment which means minimal stress in our life, good sleep, regular exercise and nutritious food. holistic-healing-approach Cancer is a billion pound industry which millions spent on research into how it acts, which foods are beneficial, drug trials and much more.  It is recommended that herbal medicine supports primary care complementing conventional treatment – therefore the oncologist should be informed and communication channels should be open.  I must stress that a consultation IS essential when supporting cancer with herbal medicine.  This is because there are so many variables.  The course of this disease is unpredictable and the cancer can spread to different parts of the body through the blood stream or through the lymphatic system.  This is to ensure that if a patient is having chemotherapy that the herbs given to support the symptoms and side effects do not react with the life cycle of the cytotoxic drugs used.  For example Yew – the toxic tree which grows in most graveyards is used in pharmacology as a cytotoxic drug used in cancer treatment (the active constituent taxol).

Herbalists aim to mobilise the body’s own defences – this is because of our body’s ability to deal with cell mutations which become malignant each day – this can be as many as thousands of malignant cells which are resolved without us even knowing about them.  Therefore for a tumour to develop there must be a failure in theses defences which needs to be identified and supported in the aim of reactivating them.  Herbal support of cancer involves the patient being pro-active in his or her treatment, education about health and wellbeing and giving pointers on how to adapt to improve nutrition and health as well as being given an individualised herbal prescription tailored to their needs.

In the words of the late Thomas Bartram (a herbalist) “If improvement in cancer is not possible maybe the condition can be stabilised and the patient helped to cope with the very unpleasant side-effects of chemotherapy and radiation.  Thus, may be restored the body’s natural balance and a possible extension of lifespan.”  A herbalist will do everything they can to support someone with cancer, herbal support does differ depending on the person and the form of cancer.  Treatment for lung cancer will be completely different from ovarian or breast cancer.  And you may have 5 women with breast cancer but one may never have had children, one many be post-menopausal, one may have had 3 children, one may have been on hormonal contraception all of her life and the fifth may have suffered a personal trauma.  The herbal treatment for each of these women will differ to reflect their very different backgrounds and situations despite all having the same form of cancer.

Love your food

Love your food

Diet is one of the main ways to influence your own health and wellbeing.  If you eat healthy and provide your body with the right nutrients on a daily basis then give yourself an A* as you are on the right track.  If you are not then give yourself an immediate F!!  We are what we eat, our body requires nutrients, vitamins and minerals to complete the billions of biochemical processes which are occurring on our body every second of every day. When we are deficient in our nutrition our body tries hard to compensate (a bit like working with the wrong tools).  Having the wrong tools you may be able to continue working fine, although it may cause more work and be harder initially you may get used to it – this is similar to those who eat and drink unhealthy foods but do not have any health issues because of it.  You may find it really difficult to work with the wrong tools causing you to tire more easily and not get the work done to the standard it should be, it may even break or need repairing sooner than if it was done correctly – this is similar to those who eat and drink unhealthy foods and develop health issues such as IBS, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity etc. but still think they are healthy.  You may not be able to complete the job with the wrong tools at all – this can lead to health issues – a prime example in today’s society is the increase in rickets in families from poor backgrounds, poor nutrition leading to a physical condition because of a lack of vitamin C.  There are many different scenarios regarding diet and health.  The key is to look after your body with good nutrition.

Research into foods with cancer preventative potential include garlic, ginger, liquorice, carrots, celery, parsley and parsnips.  Other food sources include onions, linseed, citrus fruits, turmeric, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, tomatoes, peppers, oats, barley and cucumber to name just a few.  Look at added them into your diet on a regular basis (if you do not already do so).  Aim to eat a minimum of five portions of fruit and vegetables a day, reduce the amount of grains in your diet, eat healthy protein – fish, chicken, turkey, eggs, pork etc. Ensure that your plate has as many natural colours as possible – colourful fruit and vegetables are high in flavonoids and antioxidants which have a protective action on your body.

Health benefits of Turmeric

Health benefits of Turmeric

Aim to stay hydrated daily but drinking no more than 3 caffeinated drinks.  Avoid milk and fizzy sodas.  Milk is beneficial for babies to enable them to gain weight fast but did you know that we are the only species on the planet that sees it as a stable food source after the age of three?  And fizzy drinks – they may taste great but are the most acidic thing you can put in your body.  Our body is healthiest when it’s internal environment is alkaline.  Drinking fizzy drinks makes this internal environment acidic.  Fizzy drinks can rot your teeth so just imagine what it is doing on the inside where you can’t see it!!  Drink water, herbal teas, one glass of fruit juice a day, smoothies and the occasional home made cordial*  If you drink caffeinated drinks look at swapping them to green tea – this has had numerous studies done on it which have shown anti-tumour effects as well as protective effects in humans and benefits to cancer patients.

Hippocrates quote

Hippocrates quote

Multi-vitamin supplements can be recommended to ensure that you have the right nutrition but to ensure that you are actually absorbing the nutrients you need to assess your digestion.  If you experience wind, bloating, diarrhoea, constipation or cramps then your digestive system may not be fully accessing the nutrients that you are taking whether these are supplements or real food.  One of the important keys to our health is our digestion, it is vital for our body to be able to access the nutrients we eat.  Probiotics have been in the press a lot and are something which I recommend.  We need a good balance of good bacteria in our large intestine in order to assimilate a lot of nutrients essential to our health.  With the high use of antibiotics there is a large number of people who are lacking in good bacteria, antibiotics translates to anti-life and kills all bacteria regardless of whether it is essential for our health or a pathogen which is detrimental for our health.  When looking at supplements medical trials determined that terminal cases have lower levels of selenium (a trace mineral which is essential to health but which is depleted from our soils).  If you have good digestion then this would be a good mineral to ensure is in your supplement as we cannot rely on getting it through natural means due to agriculture depleting the soil.


If you are having chemotherapy take high doses of Vitamin C in between chemo sessions.  Cytotoxic drugs inhibit the ability of Vitamin C to stimulate the body’s defences.  Herbs can help to enhance the body’s own ability to heal itself and can support the body’s digestion and elimination.  Do not be put off with the lack of research into herbal medicine and its effects on cancer.  Unfortunately when it comes to scientific studies of herbal medicine they generally look at extracts of an active constituent from the plant instead of the whole herb (for purposes of being able to patent it later), which have a negative effect on the results.  Herbal treatment is most consistently predicted on the uniqueness of each patient and his or her story of illness.


I would love to write about the different herbs which are recommended for cancer but have chosen not to as their effect (being positive or negative) is determined on the patient and their health history.  Instead I will recommend attending a herbal consultation with a qualified herbalist such as myself.  If you are suffering from cancer look at instigating dietary measures.  Increase the number of fruits in your diet (especially grapes and citrus fruits), increase the vegetables too – aim for at least five portions a day.  Focus on adding the onion, cabbage, umbelliferous and nightshade family vegetables.  Supplement with garlic and green tea.  Add the following herbs to your cooking: ginger, turmeric, mint, rosemary, thyme, oregano, sage and basil.  If you are constipated look at adding linseed and/or psyllium husks to your diet.  Increase activity in your life, meditate and be strong.  Positive outlooks can influence positive results – this is in reality the placebo effect 1/3 of people can improve their condition using the power of their mind.  But above all know that is you approach a herbalist to support you with cancer the task will be approached with humility and a recognition that the treatment course isn’t set and will be unique to you.

Sorry if I have disappointed some of your but as a professional I have a responsibility to be safe in my practice.  If you have any questions there is a forum on my website: where I will be happy to answer them personally.  Tomorrow I will write about how to make cordials.  Namaste

*Most supermarkets have taken full sugar cordials off the shelves and replaced them with ones high in sweeteners.  Most sweeteners are detrimental for our health, they have the same reaction in our body which means that we gain weight even when using them, and they can be cancer causing (carcinogens) such as aspartame which is in most drink and in the weight watchers range of foods!! Scary when it says that it is healthy but can actually contribute to cancer!!!  Therefore purchase full sugar cordials and only drink occasionally or make your own using delicious fruit or herbs.  I make elderflower and elderberry cordial every year in June (for the flowers) and September (for the berries).  But once you know how you can experiment and make your own cordials out of most things.  I will blog how to tomorrow.

Aspartame poisoning?

Aspartame poisoning?

Are you stressed?

We are all aware that stress has an impact on our day to day life – but do you know how if affects your body? I can offer you one to one sessions where I will help you to identify the major stressors in your past and present, your tolerance levels, your personality regarding how you handle stress and offer you natural herbal medicines to improve your ability to cope with stress too!!

Attend a workshop in Grimsby to Improve Health and Wellbeing

Attend a workshop where you can learn how to make your own spring tonics and medicines, contact me:

The next workshop planned helps you to understand the stress in your life better, discover how you respond (or react) to the stress in your life.  What stressed you in the past and current stresses as well as how to reduce the stress in your life and increase your ability to cope with it better.  There are daytime and evening workshops available.

Chamomile flowers make a delicious and soothing herbal infusion

Chamomile flowers make a delicious and soothing herbal infusion

I even offer one to one sessions in the comfort of your own house where I can show you how to make creams, bath melts, conditioners, body lotions and even natural cleaning products for the home.


When learning how to make body care products and lotions and potions you can use numerous herbs to suit your particular circumstances

When learning how to make body care products and lotions and potions you can use numerous herbs to suit your particular circumstances